New drone regulation in Canada has been proposed by its transport minister, Marc Garneau.
The new rules, expected to come into effect June 1, will apply to all drone users including hobbyists and commercial operators flying devices which weigh between 250g and 25km.
Final regulations introduce two main categories of drone operation; basic and advanced which are based on distance from bystanders and existing airspace law.
Both categories now have their own set of easy-to-follow rules that require operators to register and mark the drone with its registration number; pass an online exam and get a pilot certificate for basic or advanced operations and stay below an altitude of 122 m (400 feet) above ground level.
Additionally, pilots must be a minimum age of 14 for basic and 16 for advanced operations, unless supervised by a person having proper certificates.
Operators must also stay away from air traffic.
As part of the announcement. Marc Garneau said: “”We’ve listened closely to feedback from Canadians and have updated our regulations to balance practicality and the safe use of drones. Drones are part of an important economic sector with significant potential to improve lives and connect communities across the country.
He added: “Our new regulations will create new opportunities for Canadians by establishing a safe and predictable regulatory environment where the industry can innovate and where recreational and non-recreational drone pilots can safely access Canadian airspace.”
The regulation also only requires pilots who need to fly a drone outside the rules for basic or advanced operations will need to apply for a Special Flight Operations Certificate (SFOC) before they fly.